The Ministry of Telecom and Mass Communications of the Russian Federation has developed a bill on state control over the passage of Internet traffic in Russia according to which the Ministry is going to create a public monitoring system and the DNS registry and IP address headings, as well as monitoring system of the work of the critical elements of Runet infrastructure.
The draft amendments to the laws “On communication” and “On information concern information technologies and information protection”.
Public officials, who commented on the draft of the Ministry of Communications, claim that the bill does not involve the control of traffic content but only includes control of its technical characteristics. In the absence of the text of the bill in free access it is very difficult to evaluate the risk of privacy violation.
According to daily newspaper Vedomosti, which obtained official documents relating to the matter, foreign connection channels and traffic exchange points will become more controlled.
Operators will have to obtain a license for the cross-border transfer of data if they want to organize international communication channels. However, currently the requirement of permitting for the construction and operation of communication lines crossing the state border has enshrined in law.
However, officials suggest that it is not enough to deal with "dirty" channels of communication. Issues of cross-border data flows are in the spotlight of the OECD and were reflected in the OECD Guidelines on the Protection of Privacy and Transborder Flows of Personal Data.
Another key legal instrument of the OECD in the information security area is the Recommendation on Digital Security Risk Management for Economic and Social Prosperity which was revised in 2015. The Recommendation establishes main principles of digital security risk management - respecting human rights and fundamental values recognized by democratic societies, including crossborder coopertaion.
OECD negatively assesses the significant strengthening of the role of government in the regulation of the Internet, as well as obstruction of its openness.